As a neutral Platform, PARM is set up to facilitate access to and exchange of knowledge, as well as its generation, in the domain of agricultural risk management.
PARM’s mandate is to strengthen agricultural risk management through knowledge sharing and capacity building activities to improve the human capital of all the stakeholders that can contribute to a better agricultural risk management system, in particular, vulnerable rural households.
In order to achieve the objective of mainstreaming agricultural risk management into policy frameworks, the PARM Secretariat collaborates with NEPAD and many partners to implement three main activities:
- Knowledge Management
- Capacity Development
- PARM process
Given PARM’s strong mandate of knowledge broker and facilitator, PARM Knowledge Management strategy is directly linked to the process in each country and includes the development and exchange of methodologies and technical studies, the engagement in international fora related to agricultural risk management, and the implementation of a capacity development strategy.
Capacity Development is an essential part of PARM activities and aims at empowering farmers, governments and stakeholders to manage their risks and develop effective strategies and tools. For each country, capacity development actions are implemented at every phase of the PARM process, in accordance with local needs.
The PARM process embed both knowledge management and capacity development. It is designed in a flexible way to respond to country context and to the corresponding policy and political processes and comprises of five main phases – Setting up, Risk Assessment, Tools Assessment, Follow up and Implementation.
The PARM activities are complementary and coordinated with previous or on-going agricultural risk management activities in the country, in particular by the World Bank, the FAO or the WFP.
Parm Phases Status
In this phase it is required a first contact with the relevant high level government officials (Minister, vice-minister or office of president) to ensure the engagement of the Government with the PARM process and initiate PARM activities in the country.
A preliminary meeting/country visit will be envisaged in order to present in depth the PARM process and build ownership and common understanding at Government level.
The first country visit will provide the occasion to identify the potential local experts that will support the risk assessment study which will be conducted at the second phase by international consultants.
It represents the first technical phase of the process and focuses on the assessment and identification of risks and risk management gaps. This assessment phase requires a rigorous analysis of risk exposure and its economic, social and financial implications.
A Risk Assessment study will be undertaken by selected experts (supported by local technical institutions and organizations like universities, research centres, etc.) and presented to a National Stakeholders Workshop with the objective of facilitating the assessment of the main risks and policy gaps identified, and the prioritization of risks and tools that should be the focus of the country’s ARM initiatives.
The Final Risk Assessment Study Report will incorporate the outcomes of the workshop discussions and it will serve to identify the main focus for the feasibility studies and capacity development interventions.
A National Steering Committee (NSC) will be established to guide the process and will include the main relevant stakeholders identified during the Risk Assessment Study.
The policy dialogue is needed to engage stakeholders with the resulting risk management strategy to which all of them need to contribute. The dialogue will be facilitated by rigorous feasibility studies on the tools and areas that were identified during the risk assessment phase.
A second National Stakeholders Workshop will be organized with the objective of validating the priority interventions identified in the feasibility studies and encourage the dialogue, leading to an action plan on policy, institutions and investment.
The final expected outcome is that the selected activities are integrated in the CAADP National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plan (NAFSIP) , and that they find ways to be financed and delivered by service providers/private sector, Government, partners, NGOs and farmers’ associations.
An action plan defining the following steps to integrate the ARM into national policy and investment plan is drafted after the second national Stakeholders Workshop.
This phase consists in assessing and measuring the impact and results of PARM process in the country to develop best practices, improved methodology and lessons learned to feed into the next phase of implementation, which is responsibility to the Government with the support of donors and partners.
During this phase, PARM can facilitate the implementation by supporting in relevant capacity building activities which will depend on resource availability.
The alignment of PARM process into other Government initiatives may facilitate the integration of ARM into the national strategies even before the follow-up phase.
If implementation occurs within the PARM timeframe, the PARM follow-up process will monitor and evaluate the implementation.
All the PARM activities are oriented to facilitating the implementation of ARM tools in the participating countries. The previous phases focus on the identification and design of ARM measures.
In countries where the four phases of the PARM process are fully and successfully finalized, the implementation process to integrate the identified tools into the national policy and investment plans will continue.
The actual implementation of the policies is responsibility to the National Government in collaboration with stakeholders, service providers and donors. PARM will technically accompany and facilitate this process only to the extent that resources are available.