PARM Process was initiated in Uganda through December 2014 to November 2017. The joint process produced robust risk assessment, increased local capacities in ARM and developed promising proposals for ARM tools investment.
Parm Phases Status
In Uganda, the agricultural sector contributes 22.5% to GDP (in 2013/14), 54% to exports (in 2014) and 70% to employment (in 2014). Yet, over the years, the sector’s growth rate has lagged behind the GDP as the country is compounded with risks relating to production, markets, infrastructure and institutions. With the recently finalised PARM Process, the Government of Uganda and key stakeholders have:
- Assessed and prioritized agricultural risks
- Identified the right tools to manage agricultural risks
- Developed capacities on ARM
- Mainstreamed ARM into policy
Stakeholders converged to a common prioritization of risks based on average severity and frequency, and the potential losses in an extreme case scenario. The risk assessment yielded robust results to confront perceptions on risk. Crop pest and disease, post-harvest loss and market price risks were identified as the three key priority risks contrary to the perception of drought as the key risk.
Following the risk prioritization process, PARM and its partners identified three ARM tools for investment; 1) Plant Health Control Investment Plan, 2) Finance Information Risk Management (FIRM) initiative and 3) ARM Capacity Development Strategy for Extension Services Unit.
PARM worked in partnership with local universities, government agencies and international partners to deliver two capacity development (CD) training; 1) CD1 – A general 2-day seminar, separately for national stakeholders and farmers’ organisations and 2) CD2 – A one-week advance ARM course aimed at institutionalizing high-level ARM knowledge to create a pool of local ARM experts to timely advice farmers across the country.
The single most important outcome of the PARM Process in Uganda is the government’s buy-in to mainstream two tools – the Plant Health Control and Management System and the Capacity Development Strategy for Extension Services – into the Agriculture Sector Development Plan (ASDP) and the Framework Investment Plan (FIP). The last ARM tool – FIRM – attracted the interest of investment partners like the Agricultural Business Initiative (aBI) Trust and Agribusiness Alliance.
The PARM team organised its first visit mission (jointly with NEPAD) on 15-18 December 2014 to follow-up on the ARM process already started by the FAO and NEPAD in 2013.
During this mission, the Government of Uganda identified the need for a study on Agricultural Risk Management Information System. Potential synergies to support PARM studies and capacity development plan were also identified.
ARM Re-launch Mission & PARM Roadmap
The National Agricultural Risk Management Steering Committee (NSC) meeting was organised during the December mission to re-launch its activities.
The Committee was chaired by the Acting Director of Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA), and Chair of the Agro-Business Department, and attended by participants from the public sector and insurance companies and associations. From the meeting, it became clear that ARM will be explicitly included in the first drafts of the National Investment Plan 2016-2020 and the Agricultural Investment Plan.
Stakeholders also developed a roadmap for PARM Process in Uganda.
Risk Assessment Study (RAS)
A Terms of Reference (TOR) for Risk Assessment was developed in February 2015 and by March 2015, experts were identified and contracted for the RAS in Uganda.
The complete RAS report was launched on the 28th of October 2015 in Kampala on the occasion of the 6th Commemoration of the African Day on Food and Nutrition Security.
Risk Assessment Validation Workshop
Before launching the report, a Validation Workshop was held on 29-30 June 2015 in Kampala to present and discuss the draft report. The National Steering Committee (NSC) also met on 3 July 2015 to validate the final results of the RAS and to guide the processes for identifying the appropriate ARM tools.
Information System Study
Recognizing the critical role of information for agricultural risk analyses, PARM and its partners reached a decision to initiate an Information Systems for Agricultural Risk Management Study. A Terms of Reference for the study was developed by PARM in collaboration with NEPAD and the Uganda CAADP Focal point. A local expert was identified and contracted for the study.
Capacity Development (CD1)
A Capacity Development (CD1) for high-level national stakeholders was organised on 1-2 July 2015 by PARM, NEPAD and FAO in partnership with MAAIF. The seminar had three objectives; 1) to introduce high-level stakeholders to the holistic approach to analyze and manage the main agriculture risks in Uganda; 2) to identify training needs of smallholder farmers; and 3) to design a plan on capacity development for ARM in Uganda.
PARM also organised a similar CD1 event on 8-9 December 2015 in Mbale specifically for farmers’ organisations.
After elaborative discussions, stakeholders mapped out and identified the potential tools to manage the three priority risks in Uganda – crop pests and diseases, post-harvest losses and market price fluctuations.
PARM developed a Terms of Reference for ARM tool feasibility study linked to crop pests and diseases in April 2016. CABI was identified and contracted for the study.
On September 15, 2016, a workshop was held in Kampala to validate the findings of the crop pests and diseases study and present a proposal for investment in a Plant Health Control and Management System in Uganda.
Information Systems for Agricultural Risk Management Workshop
The workshop took place in Kampala on May 26, 2016, and brought together a broad range of stakeholders from the public sector, private sector, the farming organisations and development agencies to discuss the need for action in the area of ARM related information systems.
High Level Policy Dialogue Workshop on Agricultural Risk Management
After the consultative process of analyzing ARM tools and developing proposals for investment, PARM and its partners held a High-Level Policy Dialogue in Kampala on November 29, 2016. It aimed at increasing the government’s buy-in to mainstream the identified ARM tools into respective policy frameworks, including the CAADP agenda and the Agricultural Sector Development Plan (ASDP). The dialogue event also served as an opportunity to identify the pathways to support the Government of Uganda and private sector partners to lead the move into the implementation phase.
Capacity Development (CD2) Course on ARM Tools
The ARM training course was organized and delivered by Makerere University/CAES. It was a pilot training to institutionalise ARM in public universities in Uganda. The overall outcome was positive/sufficient in terms of contents and training modality.
In coordination with the Department of Extension Service of MAAIF, the PARM CD Strategy for Uganda was finalized and presented to the Ministry of Agriculture of Uganda in March 2017. PARM CD Strategy includes the delivery of more CD2 training in the years ahead.
Country Final Report
The PARM Process yielded risk assessment, capacity building and ARM tools investment proposals which aim at creating new opportunities to boost the Ugandan agricultural sector. It also enabled PARM to partner with NEPAD, MAAIF and many other stakeholders to mainstream ARM into Uganda’s Agricultural Sector Development Plan (ASDP) and the Framework Investment Plan (FIP)
In May 2017, PARM prepared a Uganda Country Final Report presenting all the outcomes from each phase of the joint process.
Finalizing the PARM Process
PARM and its partners in Uganda developed proposals for investment into three ARM tools: 1) Plant Health Plan, 2) Finance Information Risk Management (FIRM) and 3) Capacity Development Strategy for Extension Services. Development partners such as the USAID and FAO, as well as private agencies including Agricultural Business Initiative (aBI) Trust and Agribusiness Alliance, have expressed interest to invest in the proposed tools. KFW is also looking to fund selected initiatives to be implemented through NEPAD.