PARM Process was operational in Niger from December 2014 to 2019. The joint-process led to knowledge generation and capacity development to facilitate the integration of ARM into policy planning and implementation.
Parm Phases Status
Niger is a country regularly prone to natural shocks, especially droughts with often unchained series of impacts on crop productivity, market price and conflicts related to access to land. The fragile climatic conditions coupled with the unstabilized political landscape to nurture risks for agricultural production and marketing activities. Through the PARM Process, the Government of Niger and key stakeholders have i) assessed and prioritized agricultural risks; ii) identified the right tools to manage agricultural risks; iii) developed capacities on ARM; and iv) mainstreamed ARM into policy
Through the PARM Process, stakeholders finalized a risk assessment for Niger in 2016 to complement the World Bank study in 2013. The assessment revealed the diversity of risks affecting the agricultural sector and identified drought, locust outbreak and consumer price risks as the key risks for priority action.
Following the risk assessment, PARM worked with the Office of the Commissioner of the 3N initiative and other partners to identify two priority ARM tools – warrantage based contract farming and access to information – for Niger. Feasibility studies were conducted into these tools leading to the design of proposed plans to assist stakeholders’ investment into ARM.
A part of its overall objectives, PARM seeks to increase local capacities on ARM. In Niger, PARM’s CD activities reached out to more than 200 stakeholders from Niger and neighbouring countries. The first CD in December 2015 provided a general overview on ARM. The second CD2 organised with AGRHYMET on specific ARM tools attracted participants from Togo, Benin, Mali, Chad, Senegal and Cameroon.
PARM built a strong partnership with the Office of the Commissioner of the 3N initiative and the AGRHYMET. These partnerships paved the way for the commitment to integrate the identified tools into the PAGRA strategic document. The policy dialogue event also permitted stakeholders including the HC3N High Commissioner to confirm the country’s commitment to integrating components of the joint-process into its programmes.
PARM at PAGRA Validation Workshop
The outcome of the workshop was to contribute to the improvement of the Plan d’Action pour la Gestion des Risques Agricoles (PAGRA)
The newly appointed PARM Secretariat in collaboration with NEPAD organised its first independent mission to Niger on 9-12 December 2014 to follow-up on the PAGRA Validation Workshop, build synergies and to launch PARM’s activities in the country.
Mr. Allahouri Amadou, the Commissioner from Haut Commissariat à l’Initiative 3N (HC3N) welcomed the PARM-NEPAD mission and expressed Niger’s interest in aligning PARM activities to the country’s 2016-2020 National Investment Plan and the PAGRA strategic formulation. The Honourable Commissioner also agreed to develop a roadmap for HC3N to include PARM’s activities in view of identifying tools for the next investment plan 2016-2020.
The partners agreed for PARM to initiate a follow-up study to identify gaps in the initial World Bank agricultural sector risk assessment for Niger 2014. In particular, the follow-up study focused on smallholders in three specific risk management axes: access to financial services and credit, access to markets and integrated / accessible information system.
Roadmap for PARM Process
PARM Road Map was developed and validated by the Haut Commissariat à l’Initiative 3N (HC3N) during the setting-up mission in January 2015.
Risk Assessment Study (RAS)
PARM collaborated with the Niger HC3N to develop and validate the Terms of Reference (TOR) for RAS in Niger in February 2015.
By May 2015, the Institut de Recherches et d’Applications des Méthodes de développement (IRAM) was identified and contracted to conduct the Risk Assessment Study in Niger.
Capacity Development Seminar
December 2015, PARM organized a Capacity Development Training in Niamey in collaboration with Agrhyment, NEPAD, and HC3N. The training aimed to increase local stakeholders’ capacity to understand the holistic approach to analyzing and managing the main agriculture risks affecting smallholder farmers.
Risk Assessment Validation Workshop
On December 10, 2015, PARM held National Stakeholder Workshop in Niamey in collaboration with NEPAD and HC3N. The objective of the workshop was to present and discuss the drafted RAS report and identify priority agricultural risks and tools.
June 2016, the RAS was finalized and submitted to the HC3N for validation, leading to the final publication of the RAS by the PARM.
October 2016, PARM developed a snapshot of the country risk profile for Niger.
In Septemeber 2016, PARM commenced discussions with HC3N and two ARM tools – Contract Farming/Warrantage Activities and Information Systems – were identified for the feasibility analysis.
A year onwards, a ToR was developed and experts (CIRAD-IRAM and SBC4D) were identified and contracted to conduct feasibility studies on the two identified ARM tools. Both studies were completed by December 2017.
In September 2017, PARM and AGRHYMET agreed to foster their ARM collaboration through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
By April 2018, PARM and AGRHYMET organized the first partnered regional capacity building event on ARM (CD2). The training took place in Niamey. It hosted participants from both PARM and non-PARM countries across the Sahel region; Senegal, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Togo, and Mauritania.
Feasibility Studies Validation Meeting
A meeting was organized by the HC3N in collaboration with PARM, gathering several technical and financial partners, to validate the feasibility studies on access to information and on the warehouse & contract farming.
Matching ARM needs with investment priorities
During the policy dialogue, the HC3N High Commissioner reiterated HC3N’s commitment to mainstreaming agricultural risk management (GRA) into national policy documents. The active role of organizations such as AFD, EU, FAO, WFP, WB, Italian Embassy, Swiss Cooperation, during the discussions of the high-level workshop showed the growing interest in the proposed ARM tools in Niger. Their presence and strong participation, and that of the national and regional stakeholders, and especially the HC3N, demonstrates the desire and also the importance of continuing the efforts in Niger and the Sahel on risk management, as well as that of the holistic approach of PARM.
Country Final Reports
The overall PARM process led to a number of achievements, in terms of bringing ARM to the core of development and agricultural policies, assessing risks for evidence to improve risk perception, strengthening capacities and enhancing partnerships on ARM, investing in priority tools for better agricultural risk management, and engaging with the Government, local institutions and development partners. All these achievements and many other outcomes are documented in the Niger country final report.